The Astronomical Clock at St Paul's Dom in Münster. It runs COUNTERCLOCKWISE! There are so many details. You have to stay a while to take it all in.
I love watching Death and Chronos chime the quarter hour....
Read more about my visit to St Paulus on www.germangirlinamerica.com
Originally built in 990 AD on the highest hill in Mainz, St Stephen's, much like the Frauenkirche in Dresden, was heavily bombed in WWI and 80% of Mainz was destroyed.
The gothic styled St Stephen's is unique with its ethereal blue stained glass windows, depicting scenes from the Old Testament and meant to honor the similarities between Christian and Jewish religions.
The windows, designed by Jewish artist Marc Chagall in the 1980's, signified the reconciliation between Jewish-German relations, with 200,000 visitors streaming through the church doors every year.
9 1569 April, 2019
Here's a snippet from my article "Following Martin Luther; A Quest Chasing the Foot Steps of the Greatest Reformer"
When you stroll through the medieval towns of Eisenach, Erfurt and Weimar, it’s impossible to miss his fingerprints. The area drips with German old town charm, and its background as home of the legendary Martin Luther only amplifies this allure. Welcome to Thuringia.
The region is steeped in Reformation history, focused on the legacy of the enigmatic religious revolutionary, Martin Luther. A man, who Erfurt historian Mattias Gose says that no one knows the exact truth about—not even Martin Luther himself.
Starting with the town of Eisenach, to which Luther said “No other town knows me better,” one can visit where a young Luther studied, lived and preached by touring St George’s Church and LutherHaus. History tells of an impoverished teenage Luther going house to house singing and begging for money or bread, which often left him humiliated and defeated. He eventually came upon Ursula Cotta’s townhouse, and Luther proceeded to sing. Amazed at the beauty of his voice, Ursula invited the despairing Luther inside and asked him to live with her family, not charging the boy a penny for rent. This invitation touched Luther who for the first time witnessed compassion and the love of God.
It wasn’t until many years later Luther returned to Eisenach, and under grim circumstances. After publishing his revolutionary work, the “95 Theses,” which condemned the Catholic church and its sale of indulgences, Luther firmly established himself as an enemy of many religious reformers. He was excommunicated by Pope Leo X, and after defiantly defending his work at the Diet of Worms, he was named an outlaw.
Luther’s life was clearly in jeopardy. His friend, Frederick the Wise, “kidnapped” Martin Luther and took him to Eisenach for his own safety.
Disguised as “Squire George,” Luther arrived at the imposing Wartburg Castle.
The UNESCO recognized castle was the site of his greatest achievement; the translation of the New Testament from Greek into German, which Luther completed in only ten weeks. #visitThuringia#deinthüringen#luthercountry
16 1468 April, 2019
As you wander the cobblestone streets of Dresden, Germany, you’ll see a diverse blend of new and old—with vibrant hues of blue, pink and green storefronts dotting the alleyways and cityscape. These numerous bustling shops, restaurants and bars converge in Neumarkt Platz, with the Frauenkirche (Church of our Lady) standing tall as the centerpiece.
Although a difficult story to tell, one would be remiss not to mention Dresden’s somber history during World War II. Near the end of the war in 1945, the British and American Air Forces dropped around 6,500 tons of explosives in multiple bombing raids on the city of Dresden. The controversial attack completely leveled the city and killed about 25,000 civilians. The city lay in utter ruin, until some historic institutions began reconstructing the “old" Dresden. The Zwinger, the Opera House, and a few churches were recreated, with the rest of the city rebuilt in modern styles.
One of the churches left untouched was the severely damaged Frauenkirche, still standing in the city center. An empty shell of itself, the remaining rubble served as a grim reminder of war’s destruction.
For 45 years, the remaining stones lay as they fell, until the call for reconstruction grew louder, as part of the “Appeal from Dresden.” Many Dresden citizens felt it was important to remember the past, but the majority felt the rubble was an eye sore. It was time to move on.
Hearing of Dresden’s limited budget, donors from around the world flooded the city with money and assisted with the church’s rebuild. The first stone was laid in 1994 and the global project completed in 2005. About a third of the church’s new structure retained the original dark stones that had lay among the ruins; the rest a new, light-colored sandstone. The church symbolized a confluence of the past and present. "The Frauenkirche was more than a church, it was a symbol of the downfall of a city,”
said German historian Arnulf Baring. "I think it is a good thing that Germans, wherever possible, regain part of their old cities, so they know that we come from somewhere.”