The little bee-eater (Merops pusillus) is the smallest bee-eater species in Africa with a length of 15 -17 cm (5.9 - 6.7 in). Little bee-eaters are often found in open habitats with adequate bushes and small trees, preferably close to a water source. They are either solitary or in small groups as they hunt prey perched on low and often bare branches.
Their main diet is bees, wasps, hornets and other small insects. They will often spot a prey from their perched position, fly and capture the prey, before returning to the same position. Before eating its meal, a bee-eater removes the sting by repeatedly hitting the insect on a hard surface.
Little bee-eaters do not breed in large communities such as many other bee-eater species. They only breed in pairs. They nest in burrows 50-130 cm deep excavated in sandy banks, abandoned mammal burrows or even sand bunkers on golf courses. Life expectancy for a little bee-eater ranges from between 12 to 18 years.